Not all the agreements in the Climate Agreement in the field of mobility are on schedule yet. For example, target group transport lagged behind. This is apparent from the latest SUM report 2022 (State of Affairs Implementation of Climate Policy Mobility).
The delay in making target-group transport more sustainable is partly due to a lack of official capacity at central government, State Secretary Vivianne Heijnen (Infrastructure and the Environment) wrote to the House of Representatives. Extra capacity will only be available this year and the focus will be on acceleration.
Knowledge network of municipalities The SUM report shows that there are now 2015 parties that participate in the administrative agreement on zero-emission target-group transport (BAZEB). In that agreement, the signatory parties have agreed that the target group transport for which they are responsible will be emission-free from 1 January 2024 at the latest. A so-called Buyers Group Target Group Transport has now also been launched, a network in which municipalities share knowledge and develop joint purchasing strategies.
The results of various studies are expected this year. This concerns research into the range of vehicles for zero-emission target-group transport, research into the operation of the MIA/Vamil scheme for target-group transport and the baseline measurement for the further sustainability of target-group transport. This year, a Platform for Target Group Transport Clients will also be established, including the BAZED working group, which monitors the progress of the achievement of the objectives of the administrative agreement and develops and shares knowledge about zero-emission tendering for target group transport.
Electric cars are growing faster than expected Although the sustainability of target group transport still needs to get underway, things are improving in other transport areas. State Secretary Heijnen considers it positive that the growth in the number of electric passenger cars is faster than expected in the Climate Agreement. The share of private registrations of new electric passenger cars was 06 percent in 2021. This is almost double the period between 2015 and 2015. This rapid growth is partly due to an increase in the available subsidy for the purchase.
The subsidy for the purchase of new and used electric passenger cars stops in 2024 and current tax incentives, such as the motor vehicle tax rebate for electric vehicles, will end after 2024. Heijnen expects that stimulus measures will continue to be necessary after that. An evaluation of the effect of the measures is currently underway in collaboration with the Ministry of Finance. Heijnen will inform the House about this at the beginning of next year at the latest. It will also let you know whether it will continue with incentives and, if so, in what form.
Hydrogen Another A positive development is that the use of renewable fuels is on track. Hydrogen is still in the start-up phase, Heijnen notes. “Scaling up and developing a balanced network of filling stations in combination with (heavy) vehicles remains limited. The application of (green) hydrogen is moving from the experimental phase to upscaling.”
Emission-free target group transport still requires the necessary challenges